Gerontologists Experts say that in homo sapiens, like biological species, the life limit is 110-120 years. Why achieve this bar can only a few? What scientific discovery accompanies the philosophy of youth and longevity? What is a short peptides, and what the secret of life is hidden in these nano-peptides?
Vladimir Anisimov, President of the Gerontological Society of RAS, Professor:
As you know, humanity is aging rapidly. Over the past 160 years, every year, the average life expectancy is reduced by three months, and there is no reason to believe that this process will stop. However, in recent decades there has been a very bright trend to increase the number of centenarians. For example, in the United States expect that by the middle of this century, the number of people who turned a hundred years, will be more than half a million.
In a world of declining birth rates. And Europe and Russia has already crossed the line when there is a depopulation of the indigenous population.
One approach, which is now the most actively developed in Russian science, - is the development of peptide drugs. Studies on the subject have been held for 35 years in Russia, scientists from different institutions of St. Petersburg, Moscow, Novosibirsk and many other cities. These drugs have been many experiments, most often tested their effect on the increase in life expectancy (more than thirty experiments). It turned out that these drugs push back aging and reduce morbidity. Our scientists have put forward a program for the prevention of premature aging, aimed mainly at the working-age population.
Vladimir Shabalin, director of the Russian Research Institute of Gerontology MZSR RF, Academician, Professor:
Gerontology, Geriatrics - have more than three hundred theories of aging, it shows the complexity of the process. The main thing that we do in our biological life - begins to age. Once formed zygote - a person begins to age.
During the twentieth century, the average life expectancy has doubled, it is believed that it merits jump evolution. Starting from the ninth millennium BC, there was a ten-doubling in population of mankind, from 10 million. 6 billion and more., And a doubling of life expectancy was only twice. The first was in the Stone Age people lived an average of 25 years, in the middle ages 30-35, and the end of the twentieth century - 70.
At the moment, humanity has come to the stage of intellectual evolution - people began to intervene in the biological process of life, trying to survive as long as possible. There are three main areas to ensure the prevention of pathological aging: chemical factor - regulate those or other abnormalities; physical factor - the effect on underlying processes of the organism; biological factor - influence as a precautionary elements in the aging process.
In our intellectual evolution of the use of bio-regulators is a very promising direction that can provide us with specific demands and wishes of our views on life.
Chavinson Vladimir Khatskelevich, vice president of the Gerontological Society of RAS, Director of the St. Petersburg Institute of Bio-regulation and Gerontology, corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences, Professor:
Our goal initially was not a problem of aging, but only help the military recover more quickly from injuries and improve the combat capability of the army. However, our experiments have shown that it is possible to move further.
Today we present a world-class excellence, which is to develop a method, process, age-related pathology prevention, accelerated aging and an increase in the minimum subsistence level in Russia.
Implementation of this program will be useful and effective in Russia.
As a result of years of research of the St. Petersburg Institute of Bio-regulation and Gerontology has been proven that small peptides or peptide bioregulators, consisting of 2-3-4 amino acids regulate metabolism at the cellular level, allowing them to work the way they work in young and a healthy body. So restored the biological and functional activity of worn out or diseased organs and tissues.
It nanopeptidy are the foundation of a new class of products - the complex of peptide bioregulators. Peptidoterapiya can effectively influence the processes of premature human aging as a prophylactic and therapeutic purposes, so it shows everything.
The principle of operation is based on the activation of complex metabolic processes in the human body at the cellular level. Influenced nanopeptidov - short chains of 2-3-4-amino acids in the sequence where the information code is incorporated, the cell begins to actively synthesize proteins. This mechanism is universal key regulation of age-related changes, since it is known that the "older" the cell, the worse it synthesizes the protein. Peptides are completely harmless because they are composed of several amino acids already present in any living organism. And the improvement of metabolic processes at the cellular level leads to improvement of tissues and organs to a level typical of a young and healthy body.
Over the years, we learned to isolate peptides from all types of tissue: bone, cartilage, muscle, vascular, etc. For example, the drug was already following a rejuvenating effect. It is made from the pineal gland peptides, to make the human pineal gland in the right rhythm to produce the hormone melatonin - a substance prevents aging of the organism. Over time, and under the influence of various factors pineal gland produces less melatonin and therefore a person ages. For example, it is extremely harmful in this sense, to work at night, since melatonin is produced only at night and only during sleep. If a person is constantly working on the night shift, he grows old faster.
The Institute has developed several dozen nanolekarstv - from animal raw materials and synthesized in the laboratory. But that they have appeared in pharmacies, it takes years: the registration of the drug takes 12 years. This is the case all over the world.